Skip to Main Content

Citizen: An American Lyric (VUSM 200): In Memoriam

In Memoriam

"because white men can't

police their imagination

black men are dying"          - p. 135, Citizen: An American Lyric by Claudia Rankine


In Memory of...

Jordan Russell Davis

November 23, 2012 - Jacksonville, Florida

3 1/2 Minutes, 10 Bullets - Documentary available on HBO Max and Amazon Prime Video

The Killing of Jordan Russell Davis by Ta-Nehisi Coates - The Atlantic

Jordan Russell Davis (1995-2012) - BlackPast

Man gets life without parole for murdering Florida teen over loud music - CNN

Black Noise, White Ears: Resilience, Rap, and the Killing of Jordan Davis - Current Musicology

Jordan Russell Davis - FindAGrave Memorial

Jacksonville community commemorates what would have been Jordan Davis' 27th birthday - The Florida Times-Union

'3 1/2 Minutes, 10 Bullets' Examines the Murder of Jordan Davis - Rolling Stone

Walk with Jordan - The Jordan Davis Foundation

Murder of Jordan Davis - Wikipedia

Eric Garner

July 17, 2014 - Staten Island, New York

5 years after Eric Garner's death, a look back at the case and movement it sparked - ABC News

Profile: Eric Garner - BBC News

Eric Garner - BET

Eric Garner (1970-2014) - BlackPast

Justice for Eric Garner - Communities United for Police Reform

S.244 - Eric Garner Excessive Force Prevention Act -

Eric Garner - Dangerous Objects

Eric Garner - Democracy Now!

Eric Garner - #FaceToTheName Project

Eric Bernard "Big E" Garner - FindAGrave Memorial

Garner Way Foundation

This Day in History: July 17, 2014 Eric Garner Dies in NYPD Custody -

Resolution: Justice for Eric Garner and the Urgent Need for Police Accountability - NAACP

Senate Bill S6670B - New York State Senate

Beyond the Chokehold: The Path to Eric Garner's Death - The New York Times

In new film, a court case for Eric Garner's family that never was - PBS News Weekend

Eric Garner - Say Their Names, Stanford Libraries

Eric Garner - Seven last Words of the Unarmed

From Eric Garner's death to firing of NYPD officer: A timeline of key events - Associated Press, USA Today

Killing of Eric Garner - Wikipedia

US judicial inquiry to look into Eric Garner's death - YouTube

John Crawford

August 5, 2014 - Beavercreek, Ohio

The Use of Force Continuum: Police, Power, and Prejudice - Apogee

John Crawford III (1992-2014) - BlackPast

The killing of John Crawford at Walmart: Officer says he 'wouldn't have changed a thing' -

Officer in Walmart shooting says he never saw Crawford threaten anyone - Dayton Daily News

John Henry Crawford III - FindAGrave Memorial

Wrongful death lawsuit in John Crawford III case decision reversed - Fox19 Now

Court OKs wrongful death claim against Walmart in shooting of Fairfield man by police - Fox19 Now

The Killing of John Crawford III - Murder and Such Podcast, Episode 64

John Crawford III - Say Their Names, Stanford Libraries

John Crawford - Seven Last Words of the Unarmed

Federal Officials Close Review of Fatal Shooting of John Crawford III - United States Department of Justice

Ohio Wal-Mart surveillance video shows police shooting and killing John Crawford III - The Washington Post

Killing of John Crawford III - Wikipedia

Michael Brown

August 9, 2014 - Ferguson, Missouri

What we know about what happened in Ferguson - The Washington Post

Michael Brown shooting: 'They killed another young black man in America' - The Guardian

What we know about Michael Brown's shooting - CNN

The Michael Brown killing: What you need to know - The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

Michael Brown: Ferguson officer won't be charged for 2014 killing - BBC

Why Officer Darren Wilson wasn't indicted -

What do the newly released witness statements tell us about the Michael Brown shooting? - PBS News Hour

Department of Justice Report Regarding the Criminal Investigation into the Shooting Death of Michael Brown by Ferguson, Missouri Police Officer Darren Wilson

The Cop: Darren Wilson was not indicted for shooting Michael Brown. Many people question whether justice was done. - The New Yorker

Timeline of events in shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson - Associated Press

Shooting Death of Michael Brown - Ferguson, MO - The US Department of Justice

Why was Michael Brown shot? - Vox

Michael Brown Jr. (1996-2014) - BlackPast

Shooting of Michael Brown - Wikipedia

Michael Brown - Seven Last Words of the Unarmed

A Map to the Roots of Ferguson's Civic Unrest - All Things Considered, National Public Radio (NPR)

Michael Orlandus Darrion Brown Jr. - FindAGrave Memorial

Racial Tension Draws Parallels, But Madison is No Ferguson - Code Sw!tch, NPR

Michael Brown is killed by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri - This Day in History,

Akai Gurley

November 20, 2014 - New York, New York

Killing of Akai Gurley - Wikipedia

Officer is Convicted in Fatal Stairwell Shooting - The New York Times

Akai Gurley shooting: Jury finds police officer guilty of manslaughter - CNN

No prison time for ex-NYPD Officer Peter Liang in fatal shooting of Akai Gurley - Los Angeles Times

As Officer Who Killed Akai Gurley Gets No Jail Time, Asian Americans Debate Role of White Supremacy - Democracy Now!

#JUSTICEFORAKAIGURLEY National Sign-On Letter - CAAAV Blog (Committee Against Anti-Asian Violence)

Akai Gurley's Family Settles With New York City Over Police Shooting Death - National Public Radio

Akai Gurley settlement: New York to pay $4m to family of police shooting victim - The Guardian

The Brief Life and Tragic Death of Akai Gurley - BuzzFeed

Akai Kareem Gurley (1986-2014) - BlackPast

Akai Kareem Gurley - FindAGrave Memorial

Akai Gurley honored with street co-naming outside building where he was killed by police - Brooklyn Paper

A film and documentary try to make sense of the Akai Gurley shooting - Los Angeles Times

Down a Dark Stairwell - KinoNow documentary film

Tamir Rice

November 22, 2014 - Cleveland, Ohio

Killing of Tamir Rice - Wikipedia

Cleveland police officer who killed Tamir Rice fired after rule violations - ABC News

Many Errors by Cleveland Police, Then a Fatal One - The New York Times

Justice Department won't pursue charges against officers in Tamir Rice Shooting - CNN

Justice Department Announces Closing of Investigation into 2014 Officer Involved Shooting in Cleveland, Ohio - U.S. Department of Justice

Stories Relating to the Tamir Rice Case from ABC News

Articles Relating to the Tamir Rice Case from PBS News Hour

Articles Relating to the Tamir Rice Case from

Articles Relating to the Tamir Rice Case from

Tamir Rice's family asks justice department to reopen case into his death - The Guardian

Officer who killed Tamir Rice quits after outcry over his hiring by small town - The Guardian

Tamir Elijah Rice (2002-2014) - BlackPast

Tamir Rice - Dangerous Objects

Tamir Elijah Rice - FindAGrave Memorial

The Tamir Rice Foundation

Tamir Rice Safety Handbook - ACLU of Ohio

Walter Scott

April 4, 2015 - North Charleston, South Carolina

Killing of Walter Scott - Wikipedia

South Carolina Officer is Charged with Murder of Water Scott - The New York Times

Who Was Walter Scott? - NBCNews

Why Was Walter Scott Running? - The Marshall Project

Walter Scott and South Carolina History - The New Yorker

Second officer in Walter Scott video sued over alleged attack on handcuffed man - The Guardian

2016 Pulitzer Prize Finalist: The Post and Courier Staff, Charleston SC, for its reporting on the Walter Scott case

Walter Scott shooting: Michael Slager, ex-officer, sentenced to 20 years in prison - NBC News

Former North Charleston, South Carolina, Police Officer Michael Slager Sentenced to 20 Years in Prison for Federal Civil Rights Offense - U.S. Department of Jusice

Opinion: Walter Scott's killer is going to prison. But his case is an anomaly. - The Washington Post

Commentary: Why we support a racial bias audit for North Charleston police - The Post and Courier (Charleston, SC)

7 years since the shooting death of Walter Scott - CountOnNews2 (NBC)

Walter Lamar Scott (1965-2015) - BlackPast

Walter Scott - Dangerous Objects

Walter Lamar Scott I - FindAGrave Memorial

Freddie Gray

April 19, 2015 - Baltimore, Maryland

Killing of Freddie Gray - Wikipedia

Timeline: What We Know About The Freddie Gray Arrest - NPR

Freddie Gray's death in police custody - what we know - BBC

What we know and don't know about Freddie Gray's death - PBS New Hour

Feds Open Investigation Into Baltimore Man's Fatal Injury in Police Custody - TIME

Autopsy shows Freddie Gray died of 'high energy spinal injury' in the back of Baltimore police paddy wagon - The Daily Mail

NAACP Responds In Freddie Gray Case - The NAACP Today

Freddie Gray: The death that shook the city - The Baltimore Sun

'Rough ride': practice linked to Freddie Gray's death at the center of latest trial - The Guardian

Why none of the officers in the Freddie Gray case was convicted: The Economist explains - The Economist

Death of Freddie Gray: 5 Things You Didn't Know - Rolling Stone

Federal Officials Decline Prosecution in the Death of Freddie Gray - U.S. Department of Justice

Baltimore Officers Will Face No Federal Charges in Death of Freddie Gray - The New York Times

Cases tossed against cops in Freddie Gray death - CBS News

No federal or state charges in the death of Freddie Gray - ABC News

Who was Freddie Gray? How did he die? And what led to the mistrial in Baltimore?

Supreme Court denies appeal by officers in Freddie Gray case -

Freddie Gray, Jr. (1989-2015) - BlackPast

Freddie Gray - #FaceToTheName Project

Freddie Gray - Dangerous Objects

Freddie Carlos Gray Jr. - FindAGrave Memorial

Five years after Freddie Gray, Baltimore continues to struggle - The Washington Post

Freddie Gray's Death, 5 Years Later - NPR

The outcome of the Freddie Gray case is a cautionary tale for prosecutors in the George Floyd case - CNN

Time Magazine Cover June 15, 2020

Cover of Time Magazine - June 15, 2020

Analogous Colors by Titus Kaphar

About the cover of Time magazine, June 15, 2020

To view a larger version of the cover, click on the image and then open the PDF Full Text link.